Tuesday, March 26, 2013



Photo via Wikipedia

Most children are fascinated with grasshoppers. The grasshopper pictured is the Romalea guttata, or eastern lubber grasshopper (or just "lubber grasshopper"). It is the most distinctive species that thrives in the southeastern and south central portion of the United States. Reaching nearly 3 inches (8 cm), it is well known both for its size and its unique coloration. 

Like all insects, this species of grasshopper will go through several stages. When in the nymph stage (youth), it is much smaller than in the adult stage, wingless and completely black with one or more yellow, orange or red stripes. In the adult stage, they reach 2.5–3 inches (64–76 mm), grow wings half the length of their body and become either a dull yellow often characterized by black spots and markings, a bright orange with black markings, or entirely black (as in the nymph stage) with yellow or red striping. In the black adult color phase, the grasshopper is widely known by the name "diablo" or "black diablo". In Louisiana, they are known as the Devil's Horse or cheval-diable. Some may even call it the "graveyard grasshopper". 
photo via planetneptune.com

Romalea guttata occurs west of North Carolina to Tennessee, in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas, and throughout Florida and Arizona. They live in open pinewoods, weedy vegetation and weedy fields. Sometimes these grasshoppers live in sewers, since grass and other food sources accumulate there.

This insect has many ways of defense. The first is its brightly colored warning pattern (aposematism). The insect can emit a foul-smelling and foul-tasting foamy secretion from the thorax when it is disturbed which is dark colored and opaque. It also lets off a loud hissing sound that can scare animals. (Wikipedia)
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Blog by: Scott Glaze
President of Arab Termite & Pest Control of Kokomo, Inc.

Thursday, March 21, 2013

Lighting Bugs- Fireflies

Lightning Bugs
Photo courtesy of Kevin Adams

As a child, I'm sure most of us have collected a few fireflies and put them in a jar. Their magical light captivated us (at least for a few precious years) in our youth. Fireflies are a familiar insect of warm summer nights. Did you know that these insects are actually nocturnal (meaning they come out at night) beetles? They are members of the family Lampyridae. Most fireflies have wings, which distinguishes them from other luminescent insects of the same family, commonly known as glowworms.
There are about 2,000 different species of fireflies. These insects live in a variety of warm environments, as well as other temperate regions. Fireflies love moisture and often live in humid regions of Asia and the Americas. In drier areas, they are found around wet or damp areas that retain moisture.
Most everyone can see how fireflies got their name, but many people might not know how these insects produce their signature glow. Fireflies have dedicated light organs that are located under their abdomens. The insects take in oxygen and, inside special cells, combine it with a substance called luciferin to produce light with almost no heat.
from Time Lists
Firefly light is usually intermittent, and flashes in patterns that are unique to each species. Each blinking pattern is an optical signal that helps fireflies find potential mates. Scientists are not sure how the insects regulate this process to turn their lights on and off.
Firefly light may also serve as a defense mechanism that flashes a clear warning to would be predators: Don't eat me - I don't taste good! The fact that even larvae are luminescent lends support to this theory.
Females deposit their eggs in the ground, which is where larvae develop to adulthood. Underground larvae feed on worms and slugs by injecting them with a numbing fluid.
Adults typically feed on nectar or pollen, though some adults do not eat at all.  Sounds amazing, but adults typically don't live any longer than 2 months.  (National Geographic)
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Blog by: Scott Glaze
President of Arab Termite & Pest Control of Kokomo, Inc.

The Praying Mantis

The Praying Mantis

The praying mantis is named for its prominent front legs, which are bent and held together at an angle that suggests the position of prayer. The larger group of these insects is more properly called the praying mantids. Mantis refers to the genus mantis, to which only some praying mantids belong. These insects will live for approximately 1 year.
The closest relatives of mantises are termites and cockroaches. They are sometimes confused with phasmids (stick/leaf insects) and other elongated insects such as grasshoppers and crickets.
By any name, these fascinating insects are formidable predators. They have triangular heads poised on a long "neck," or elongated thorax. Mantids can turn their heads 180 degrees to scan their surroundings with two large compound eyes and three other simple eyes located between them. They are the only insect capable of pivoting their heads!

Typically green or brown and well camouflaged on the plants among which they live, mantises lie in ambush or patiently stalk their quarry. They use their front legs to snare their prey with reflexes so quick that they are difficult to see with the naked eye. Their legs are further equipped with spikes for snaring prey and pinning it in place.
Moths, crickets, grasshoppers, flies, and other insects are usually the unfortunate recipients of unwanted mantid attention. However, the insects will also eat others of their own kind. The most famous example of this is the notorious mating behavior of the adult female, who sometimes eats her mate just after—or even during—mating. Yet this behavior seems not to deter males from reproduction.
Females regularly lay hundreds of eggs in a small case, and nymphs hatch looking much like tiny versions of their parents. (National Geographic)

Edited, Revised and Condensed by:  Scott Glaze   March 21, 2013
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Monday, February 11, 2013

Great Facebook Pages

Great Facebook Pages

In our brief history of being on Facebook, we have come across some good people with great Facebook pages.  We will be sharing some of these pages on a regular basis.  Please allow us to introduce: 

Top Left:  Assist Social Media     by:  Elizabeth L. Maness
+Elizabeth L. Maness
Social Media Management | Branding Helping take care of Social Media for you so you have time to take care of Business http://AssistSocialMedia.com/ Follow Us on Twitter https://twitter.com/#!/ElizbethlManess
Mission:  To give companies the time to do what they need to run their business and leave their online client care to me.
Description:  Elizabeth Maness is Social Media Strategist that specialize in using social media platforms to increase your company’s presence online and connect and interact with local clients and potential customers. experienced in marketing, sales, social media management, blogging, SEO copywriting, blog development, and much more. 
Social Media And Your Business:  If you do not have a strong Social Media presence you are missing a large part of your marketing mix, as it has become the most important tool for businesses to connect and maintain loyal customers. That is where using Social Media Strategists come in to make it happen for you.
Gone are the days of force-feeding your potential clients ads and other strong sales pitch-type marketing strategies (outbound marketing). Inbound marketing is the way to go. I can help you build strong websites that search engines will love and will get you noticed, I can help you create traffic to your website using social media and blogging techniques that have worked for our own business. Customers will now find you instead of you working so hard to find them. 
Social Media Marketing Mix: I offer small business consulting, social media management and development, blog development and management, SEO copywriting services, and a fresh perspective on how to connect with your intended audience. (Facebook 'About' text).

Top Right:   Profile Tree     Google Plus:  +Profile Tree
It can be very time consuming and frustrating to find local suppliers of needed services online. Many small businesses do not have a website, do not appear in search engines or display their services in a very poor way on their website. As a consumer we do not know if they provide a service that our friends believe is excellent or just okay! This is what ProfileTree is for - it lists local services in an easy to search, read and review format. See who your friends recommend - what services they offer and what payment methods they take. ProfileTree offers its listing service for small business owners for free, and anyone can come to the site and search for their local business. ProfileTree LLP is an independent company devoted to nothing but serving the local community. Helping small business find customers - and helping people like you find the local services you want. (Website 'About' text).

Bottom Left:  Raising Compassion     

The Intention: To ignite the hearts & minds of people worldwide and inspire them to live more compassionately to create peace and harmony for themselves and others.
Mission:  To increase the flow of compassion in the world by having at least 10 million people intentionally living compassionately day by day – not just in times of extreme trauma and disaster.
Description:  Living compassionately means:  actively & deliberately choosing a reordering of one’s actions and perceptions. It’s a deliberate shift of thoughts from judgement, worry, comparisons, competition, concern, scarcity and fear to expressions and thoughts of appreciation, awe, kindness, care, love, abundance, generosity, joy & presence.
Why live compassionately?
It restores (y)our own being (self) and creates the space for others to feel acknowledged, appreciated and experience the feelings of acceptance and love. 
It will also enhance the opportunity to shift us into the state of acceptance of all that is. All that is, is all that is, no-thing right & no-thing wrong. There will be no need for us to question, clarify, categorize or label any-thing, unless we want to deliberately add some meaning to what’s unraveling and being presented before you. 
Whatever is happening before you is an opportunity for integration, a lesson, an insight to bring you into perfect balance and harmony within… where peace, love, joy, appreciation and humility reside.  (Facebook 'About' text).

Bottom Right:  Remi Vladuceanu     by:  Remi Vladuceanu
+Remi Vladuceanu
“Social marketing eliminates the middlemen, providing brands the unique opportunity to have a direct relationship with their customers.” - Bryan Weiner, CEO at Digital Agency 360i.
Biography:  Official fan page of Remi Vladuceanu where he shares his experience about Social Media, Community Building, Online Influence, Internet Marketing, Affiliate Marketing and more! (Facebook 'About' text).

Top Left:  Happy Family Academy   by:  Michele Eisenberg
+Michele Eisenberg
The Happy Family Academy was founded to teach people the foundational skills they need to create happiness and healthy relationships – from the inside out. We offer positive parenting solutions to grow thriving children in happy families. We teach a style of discipline and parenting that stops negative behaviors while building love and trust between parent and child. The result? A relationship where both parent and child are motivated and empowered to make choices that work for themselves and for the family. Parents feel better and so do their kids!  (Facebook 'About' text).

Top Right:  Michael Q Todd   by:  Michael Q Todd
+Michael Q Todd
Hi thanks for coming by my page! This is a place for you to ask questions about social media and Japan. View all my other social places at http://xeeme.com/michaelqtodd (Facebook 'About' text).

Bottom Left:  Live The Life You Desire   by:  Malcolm Charlaw
Helping to Inspire, Teach and Guide Others to the life they were and are meant to live!  Everyone is born with the same opportunities, no matter where they are. They present themselves in different ways. The trick is to learn how to see them, then once seen, to take hold and make use of the opportunity. A lot of 'unlearning' and 'relearning' needs to be done. Unfortunately, there has been a lot of 'what' to think and not enough of 'how' to think. When was the last time you had an original thought that were not influenced by anyone else, as in, what you believe, feel, think and so on....?  (Facebook 'About' text).

Bottom Right:  Paying it forward - the ripple effect   by:  Carly Alyssa Thorne
+Carly Alyssa Thorne
A Place to Post Positive, Inspirational, Empowering Quotes, Pics, Videos, Ideas.
Mission: To help Inspire, Empower, Educate, Share, Collaborate with others...  
Description: Paying it Forward The Ripple Effect is beyond All Demographics, Economics, Geography, Race, Gender, Disabilities...

Anyone can Pay It Forward even from a Hospital Bed.
Example: I recently had a Full Knee Replacement even from my Hospital Bed I still gave out Pay it Forward Bracelets and Even honored a Prior commitment and while still in severe pain wheeled myself in my wheelchair out to the Patio to do a One Hour Pay It Forward Radio Interview.

Life is all about Choices:
-To Smile or not
-To overcome or not
-To Give or Hoard
-To Forgive or Hate
-To be a Victim the rest of your life or to Choose to Use Your
experiences to Empower others.
(Facebook 'About' text).

Blog by:  Scott Glaze (Arab Pest Control)
Please feel free to visit our  Complete Social Media Profile and Links

Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Wolf Spiders

Wolf spiders

photo via http://bit.ly/Q6ZEAW

Wolf spiders are members of the family Lycosidae, from the Ancient Greek word "λύκος" meaning "wolf". They are robust and agile hunters with excellent eyesight. They live mostly solitary lives and hunt alone. Some are opportunistic hunters pouncing upon prey as they find it or even chasing it over short distances. Some will wait for passing prey in or near the mouth of a burrow.
Wolf spiders resemble Nursery web spiders (family Pisauridae), but wolf spiders carry their egg sacs by attaching them to their spinnerets (Pisauridae carry their egg sacs with their chelicerae and pedipalps). Two of the Wolf spider's eight eyes are large and prominent, which distinguishes them from the Nursery web spiders whose eyes are all of approximately equal size. (Wikipedia)

Appearance: These are usually large spiders. Wolf Spiders can range from 3-30 mm in body length. Female wolf spiders are often bigger than males of the same species.

photo via http://bit.ly/OBvibU 

Like all spiders they have two body sections: the cephalothorax in front and an abdomen behind. The abdomen contains the digestive and reproductive systems, and on the underside of it are the glands where silk is produced. The structures that produce the silk are called spinnerets.

Wolf spiders have eight legs, all attached to the cephalothorax. On the front of the cephalothorax are the mouth, the fangs, the eyes, and two small "mini-legs" called pedipalps. These are used to grab prey, and in mating, and are much bigger in male spiders than in females. They have eight eyes in three rows. The front row has four small eyes, the middle row has two much larger eyes, and the back two eyes are medium sized and off to the sides. These spiders have strong fangs and and venom glands to quickly kill their prey.

Wolf spiders are colored in camouflage colors of brown, orange, black, and grey. Sometimes they are all one color, but usually they have some stripes or blotches.

Wolf spiders are found all around the world, and about 2,300 species are known. There are about 50 species of wolf spiders in Michigan.

Wolf spiders live in all kinds of habitats, anywhere there are insects to eat. They seem to be most common in open habitats like grasslands, and are often found in farm fields and meadows. Most species stay on the ground, but a few climb up onto trees and other plants when hunting. Some wolf spiders hunt along the shores of ponds and marshes, and may even dive into the water to capture prey.

These spiders can be found in the following types of habitat: temperate; tropical; terrestrial.
Terrestrial Biomes: taiga; desert or dune; chaparral; forest; rainforest; scrub forest; mountains.
Aquatic Biomes: lakes and ponds.
Wetlands: marsh; swamp.

Wolf spiders hatch from eggs, and the hatchlings look more or less like grown-up spiders, though sometimes their colors change as they age. In many species, the hatchlings ride on their mother's body for some time before going off on their own. To grow, spiders must shed their exoskeleton, which they do many times during their lives. Unlike insects, some spider species keep growing after they become adults, and continue to molt as they grow even larger.

After mating, female wolf spiders lay a batch of eggs (usually several dozen or more), which they wrap in silk. If she gets enough food, a single female may produce several clutches of eggs in a year. They are seasonal breeders (sexual; oviparous). Female wolf spiders wrap their eggs in a round ball of silk, and keep them close. Wandering species carry their egg sack under their abdomen as they move around. Tunnel-building species keep their eggsacks in their tunnels, and bring them up to warm in the sun during the day (the warm temperature helps their eggs develop faster).

Parental investment: female parental care.
Male wolf spiders probably don't live more than a year, but females of some species can live for several years.

Behavior: many wolf spider species hunt at night, but some are active during the day. 
They are solitary animals, they hunt alone and only come together to mate.

Some species wander, hiding during the day and roaming at night to find food. Some patrol a regular territory, returning to the same place to rest. Others dig tunnels, or use tunnels made by other animals. A few build little walls or turrets around their tunnels, and then sit inside the wall looking out for passing prey or predators.

Key behaviors: diurnal; nocturnal; crepuscular; motile; nomadic; sedentary; solitary; territorial.
How do they communicate with each other?
Wold spiders use their vision more than most other spider groups. Males often signal to females by waving their pedipalps in certain patterns. Wolf spiders are also very sensitive to vibrations in the ground, and use scent and taste as well.

Wolf spiders eat insects and other invertebrates, and really large females might eat very small vertebrates, like amphibians and reptiles, if they find them. They sometimes attack insects that are larger than they are.

Different species of wolf spider have different ways of finding prey. Some build tunnels and ambush prey that come near their hiding place. Others wander on the ground, looking for small animals to eat. When they find a target, they jump on them and grab and quickly bite. Often they roll over onto their backs and hold the prey in a "basket" made by their legs before they bite.

photo via http://bit.ly/QeXC4r
Primary Diet: carnivore (eats terrestrial vertebrates, eats non-insect arthropods).
What eats them and how do they avoid being eaten?
Known predators: other spiders, wasps, ants, praying mantids, birds, small reptiles, toads and other amphibians, and shrews.
Wandering wolf spiders rely on speed and camouflage to escape predators. They have good vision and are very sensitive to vibrations in the ground that help them detect predators. Some species hide in tunnels in the ground. Wolf spiders will bite to defend themselves if necessary.

Wolf spiders can give you a painful bite if you handle them carelessly, but it the bite usually doesn't do much damage unless the person bitten is allergic to the venom.

Wolf spiders are often common in agricultural areas, and can be very helpful in reducing populations of insect pests.

No wolf spiders are known to be endangered. (Michigan University - BioKids)

Edited, Revised and Condensed by:  Scott Glaze    August 26, 2012

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Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Super Cool Pictures of Insects

We take pride in giving our customers, clients, and fans the best, and most current information available to us.
Sometimes, it does not come directly from our desk.
Here is the link:

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Thursday, February 23, 2012

Common Ticks

Common Ticks

 Although ticks are commonly thought of as insects, they are actually arachnids; like scorpions, spiders and mites. All members of this group have four pairs of legs as adults and have no antennae. Adult insects have three pairs of legs and one pair of antennae. Ticks are among the most efficient carriers of disease because they attach firmly when sucking blood, feed slowly and may go unnoticed for a considerable time while feeding. Ticks usually take several days to complete feeding.

Ticks have four life stages: egg, six-legged larva, eight-legged nymph and adult. After the egg hatches, the tiny larva (sometimes called a “seed tick”) feeds on an appropriate host. The larva then develops (molts) into the larger nymph. The nymph feeds on a host and then molts into an even larger adult. Both male and female adults find and feed on a host, and then the females lay eggs sometime after feeding.

Ticks wait for host animals from the tips of grasses and shrubs (not from trees). When brushed by a moving animal or person, they quickly let go of the vegetation and climb onto the host. Ticks can only crawl; they cannot fly or jump. Ticks found on the scalp have usually crawled there from lower parts of the body. Some species of ticks will crawl several feet toward a host. Ticks can be active on winter days when the ground temperatures are about 45 degrees Fahrenheit.

There are two groups of ticks, sometimes referred to as “hard” ticks and “soft” ticks. Hard ticks, like the common dog tick, have a hard shield just behind the mouthparts (sometimes incorrectly called the “head”); unfed hard ticks are shaped like a flat seed. Soft ticks do not have the hard shield and they are shaped like a large raisin. Soft ticks prefer to feed on birds or bats and are seldom encountered unless these animals are nesting or roosting in an occupied building.

American Dog Tick 
(Dermacentor variabilis)
American Dog Tick

One of the most frequently encountered ticks is the American dog tick, also sometimes known as the wood tick. The larvae and nymphs feed on small warm-blooded animals such as mice and birds. The adult American dog tick will feed on humans and medium to large mammals such as raccoons and dogs.
Unfed males and females are reddish-brown and about 3/16-inch long. Females have a large silver-colored spot behind the head and will become ½-inch long after feeding or about the size of a small grape. Males have fine silver lines on the back and do not get much larger after feeding. Males are sometimes mistaken for other species of ticks because they appear so different from the female.
In Illinois, the adults are most active in April, May and June. By September, the adults are inactive and are rarely observed. The American dog tick can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia and possibly ehrlichiosis to humans.

Lone Star Tick 
(Amblyomma americanum)
Lone Star Tick

The lone star tick is primarily found in the southern half of Illinois, although it can occasionally be found further north. Larvae, nymphs and adults will feed on a variety of warm-blooded hosts, including people. The larva is very tiny, only a little larger than the period at the end of this sentence. The nymph, the most common stage found on people, is about pinhead-sized. Adults are about 1/8-inch long and brown. The adult female has a white spot in the middle of her back. Because they are so similar in size, the lone star tick is sometimes misidentified by laypersons as the blacklegged / deer tick (see below).
The lone star tick is most active from April through the end of July. Although it can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever, the lone star tick is not as likely to transmit the disease as the American dog tick. This tick also may transmit tularemia and ehrlichiosis to humans. The lone star tick is not believed to transmit the bacteria that causes Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi), but may be associated with a related bacteria species that has not been completely identified.

Blacklegged Tick, also known as the Deer Tick
(Ixodes scapularis)
Blacklegged (Deer) Tick

All three active stages of the blacklegged / deer tick will feed on a variety of hosts including people. After the eggs hatch in the spring, the very tiny larvae feed primarily on white-footed mice or other small mammals. The following spring, the larvae molt into pinhead-sized, brown nymphs that will feed on mice, larger warm-blooded animals and people. In the fall, they molt into adults that feed primarily on deer, with the females laying eggs the following spring. Adults are reddish-brown and about 1/8-inch long (or about one-half the size of the more familiar female American dog tick).
These ticks are found in wooded areas along trails. The larvae and nymphs are active in the spring and early summer; adults may be active in both the spring and fall. The blacklegged / deer tick can transmit Lyme disease and possibly ehrlichiosis to humans.
The deer tick has been found sporadically in many Illinois counties. However, in recent years it has been common only in limited areas, mostly in northern Illinois (Geographic distribution by county). Additionally, Illinois residents may encounter the deer tick during trips to Michigan, Indiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin or the northeastern United States where it is very common in some areas.

Brown Dog Tick 
(Rhipicephalus sanguineus)
Brown Dog Tick

The brown dog tick (also known as the kennel tick) is found through most of the United States This tick feeds on dogs, but rarely bites people. Unlike the other species of ticks, its life cycle allows it to survive and develop indoors. The brown dog tick is found primarily in kennels or homes with dogs where it may be found hiding in cracks, behind radiators, under rugs and furniture, and on draperies and walls.
The adult is reddish-brown and about 1/8-inch long, and usually attaches around the ears or between the toes of a dog to feed. After feeding, a female may engorge to ½-inch long. She then drops off the dog and crawls into a hiding place where she may lay as many as 3,000 eggs. This tick is tropical in origin and does not survive Illinois winters outdoors. The brown dog tick is not an important carrier of human disease.

Winter Tick
(Dermacentor albipictus)
Winter Tick

The winter tick is a species that feeds on large mammals like deer, cattle and horses. Unlike the hard ticks mentioned above, the winter tick attaches to the host as a larva and remains attached throughout its life. Consequently, this tick is rarely encountered by campers or hikers. However, hunters may find the winter tick in large numbers on deer carcasses. Although the winter tick may carry diseases of large wild mammals, it is not known to transmit disease to humans.

Preventing Tick Bites and Disease
The best way to protect yourself against tickborne illness is to avoid tick bites. This includes avoiding known tick- infested areas. However, if you live in or visit wooded areas or areas with tall grass and weeds, follow these precautions to help prevent tick bites and decrease the risk of disease:
  • Wear protective clothing such as long-sleeved shirts, long trousers, boots or sturdy shoes and a head covering. (Ticks are easier to detect on light-colored clothing.) Tuck trouser cuffs in socks. Tape the area where pants and socks meet so ticks cannot crawl under clothing.
  • Apply insect repellent containing 10 percent to 30 percent DEET primarily to clothes. Apply sparingly to exposed skin. Do not spray directly to the face; spray the repellent onto hands and then apply to face. Avoid sensitive areas like the eyes, mouth and nasal membranes. Be sure to wash treated skin after coming indoors. Use repellents containing permethrin to treat clothes (especially pants, socks and shoes) but not skin. Always follow label directions; do not misuse or overuse repellents. Always supervise children in the use of repellents.
  • Walk in the center of trails so weeds do not brush against you. In camping areas, individuals who sit on the ground or disturb leaf litter on the forest floor may encounter ticks.
  • Check yourself, children and other family members every two to three hours for ticks. Most ticks seldom attach quickly and rarely transmit disease organisms until they have been attached four or more hours. If your pets spend time outdoors, check them for ticks, too.
  • If ticks are crawling on the outside of clothes, they can be removed with masking tape or cellophane tape. A ring of tape can be made around the hand by leaving the sticky side out and attaching the two ends. Ticks will stick to the tape which can then be folded over and then placed in the trash. 
  • Remove any tick promptly. The mouthparts of a tick are barbed and may remain embedded and lead to infection at the bite site if not removed promptly. Do not burn the tick with a match or cover it with petroleum jelly or nail polish. Do not use bare hands to remove the tick because tick secretions may carry disease. The best way to remove a tick is to grasp it firmly with tweezers as close to the skin as possible and gently, but firmly, pull it straight out. Do not twist or jerk the tick. If tweezers are not available, grasp the tick with a piece of tissue or cloth or whatever can be used as a barrier between your fingers and the tick. Ticks can be safely disposed of by placing them in a container of soapy water or alcohol, sticking them to tape or flushing them down the toilet. If you want to have the tick identified, put it in a small vial of alcohol.
  • Wash the bite area and your hands thoroughly with soap and water and apply an antiseptic to the bite site.
  • If you have an unexplained illness with fever, contact a physician. Be sure to tell the physician if you have been outdoors in areas where ticks were present or traveled to areas where tickborne diseases are common.

Prevention and Control of Ticks Around the Home
Make sure the property around your home is unattractive to ticks. Because ticks are sensitive to dry conditions and do not thrive in short vegetation, they are seldom a problem in well-maintained lawns. Keep your grass mowed and keep weeds cut. Clean up items that attract rodents which can carry ticks, such as spilled birdseed, and hiding places like old wood piles. If ticks are present in vegetation along the edge of the property, insecticides labeled for control of ticks can be applied to small areas of high weeds that cannot be mowed. Often, one or two applications per season will be adequate to control ticks in these areas.
Free-roaming dogs and cats are much more likely to encounter ticks than those that are confined to the home or yard. If ticks are found on pets, contact your veterinarian for information about an appropriate tick treatment. Remove the occasional tick found indoors by vacuuming, seal the vacuum bag and place it in the trash. Owners of kennels or homes infested with the brown dog tick may wish to contact a professional pest control company for assistance.

Identification of Ticks
During the last several years, about 75 percent of the ticks submitted to Department staff have been identified either as the American dog tick or as the lone star tick. Many people are familiar with the female American dog tick. However, the adults of several species and immature stages must be identified by an entomologist or other professional familiar with ticks. To submit a tick for identification, put it into a leak-proof container with rubbing alcohol along with the date and location where the tick was encountered and contact your local health department for assistance.
This publication is for information and is intended as a guide only. Always read and follow all current label instructions for repellents and pesticides. If any information in these recommendations disagrees with the pesticide label, the label instructions must be followed. Prepared with the assistance of the University of Illinois Extension, University of Illinois Department of Veterinary Pathology and Illinois Natural History Survey. Edited and Condensed by Scott Glaze  February 19, 2012.

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